Different ways children and young people can be hurt or abused

Are you worried about something that has happened to you or someone you know?

Take a look at the information and advice on different types of child abuse below.

If you are a parent, carer or professional and have concerns about a child or young person you can find useful information on the NSPCC website.

Different types of abuse

Physical abuse

Physical abuse is when someone hurts or harms a child or young person on purpose. It includes: hitting with hands or objects, slapping and punching, kicking, shaking, throwing and burning.


Get more information from Childline

Emotional or Psychological Abuse

Emotional abuse can involve deliberately trying to scare, humiliate, ignore or isolate a child. It can include: humiliating or constantly criticising a child, threatening, shouting at a child or calling them names.

Get more information from Childline


Neglect can be difficult to spot but could include: physical neglect, emotional neglect, educational neglect and medical neglect.


Get more information from Childline

Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse is when someone is forced, pressurised or tricked into taking part in any kind of sexual activity with another person.

Get more information from Childline

Child Sexual Exploitation

Child sexual exploitation (CSE) happens when a young person is encouraged, or forced, to take part in sexual activity. It might be in exchange for presents, money, alcohol or simply emotional attention.

Get more information from Barnados

Abusive relationships

Healthy relationships are based on respect. You should feel safe, loved and free to be yourself.

Get more information from Disrespect Nobody

Female Genital Mutilation

Female genital mutilation (also known as FGM) is the deliberate cutting or removal of a female’s external genitals. There is no medical reason for this to be done. It is also known as female circumcision, or cutting, and by other terms, such as sunna.

Get more information from Childline


Radicalisation is when someone starts to support or believe extreme views which could be dangerous.

Get more information from Childline

Useful resources

The Hideout

A website for children and young people with interactive resources to help them understand domestic abuse and where to get help from.

Go to The Hideoutuk